The Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, which opened in 1962, offers degree programmes in petroleum, gas, chemical, and industrial engineering. Railway Station. [76][77], The name Karachee was used for the first time in a Dutch document from 1742, in which a merchant ship de Ridderkerk is shipwrecked near the settlement. ( Log Out /  [92] Recorded crimes sharply decreased following a controversial crackdown operation against criminals, the MQM party, and Islamist militants initiated in 2013 by the Pakistan Rangers. [101] While foreign embassies shifted away from Karachi, the city is host to numerous consulates and honorary consulates. The city's inhabitants are referred to by the demonym Karachiite. [111] Anti-Hindu riots also broke out in Karachi in 1992 in retaliation for the demolition of the Babri Mosque in India by a group of Hindu nationalists earlier that year. [97], The 1970s saw a construction boom funded by remittances and investments from the Gulf States, and the appearance of apartment buildings in the city. [182] Muhajirs continued to migrate to Pakistan throughout the 1950s and early 1960s,[183] with Karachi remaining the primary destination of Indian Muslim migrants throughout those decades. [116], Karachi is home to Pakistan and South Asia's largest shopping mall, Lucky One Mall which hosts more than two hundred stores. [279], Karachi municipal authorities in October 2017 launched a new early warning system that alerted city residents to a forecasted heatwave. Proximity to the sea maintains humidity levels at near-constant levels year-round. Karachi is located on the coastline of Sindh province in southern Pakistan, along the Karachi Harbour, a natural harbour on the Arabian Sea. Karachi is home to several major public universities. Following Partition, large numbers of Hindus left Pakistan for the newly independent Dominion of India (later the Republic of India), while a larger percentage of Muslim migrant and refugees from India settled in Karachi. In August 2020, Sindh cabinet approves formation of the seventh district in Karachi (Keamari District), Keamari District was formed by splitting District West. Establishment of the Sindh Madressatul Islam was followed by the establishment of the D. J. Sindh Government Science College in 1887, and the institution was granted university status in 2014.

Following the Rebellion, British colonial administrators continued to develop the city's infrastructure, but continued to neglect localities like Lyari, which was home to the city's original population of Sindhi fishermen and Balochi nomads. Atrium Mall. [31][32][33], Karachi is now Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. [267][268], 98% of Karachi's households are connected to the city's underground public sewerage system,[265] largely operated by the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KW&SB).

[166] The figure is disputed by all the major political parties in Sindh.

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