He asked for more troops. Destruction de villages, vols et violences, mais surtout viols de masse (et assassinat de ceux qui essayaient de s'interposer)[16] se seraient multipliés autour du mont Cassin. ». L'exploitation est maintenant possible vers les monts Aurunci puis, plus à l'ouest, les monts Lépins. First Battle: Northern Sector 24 January – 11 February 1944. By the end of March 17 the Gurkhas held a point near the Abbey. By 13 May the pressure was starting to tell. With their line of supply threatened by the Allied advance in the Liri valley, the Germans decided to withdraw from the Cassino heights to the new defensive positions on the Hitler Line. Following its destruction, paratroopers of the German 1st Parachute Division occupied the ruins of the abbey. This was called Operation Avenger. As well, Corps HQ did not fully appreciate the difficulty in getting 4th Indian Infantry Division into place in the mountains and supplying them on the ridges and valleys north of Cassino (using mules across 7 miles (11 km) of goat tracks over terrain in full view of the monastery, exposed to accurate artillery fire – hence the naming of Death Valley).
The first assault was made on 17 January. Dans les autres secteurs d'attaque du CEF, comme celui de la 4e division marocaine de montagne (4e DMM), aucune préparation d'artillerie n'a lieu. Seconde Guerre mondiale,Campagne d'Italie, Campagnes d'Afrique, du Moyen-Orient et de Méditerranée. Movements of troops was done in the darkness. [61] Within an hour and a half the attack was in motion in all four sectors. Les quelques vallées ou plaines littorales permettant les communications du sud vers le nord sont, quant à elles, entièrement minées et parsemées de réseaux de barbelés. In the mountains above Cassino, for three days Polish attacks and German attacks brought heavy losses to both sides. Once again the two regiments attacked but with no more success against the well dug-in 15th Panzergrenadier Division: the 143rd Infantry Regiment got the equivalent of two battalions across, but, once again, there was no armoured support and they were devastated when daylight came the next day.

The Germans had had three months to prepare their defensive positions using dynamite and to stockpile ammunition and stores. Battle after battle the Germans withdrew but for each battle won and each trench won there were more, a seemingly never-ending number of trenches and machine positions. Il est également à noter qu'un certain nombre de Malgré-nous sont morts durant la bataille[réf. Behind every ridge lurks another river, and behind that river lurks another ridge. The Allied line was reorganised with the exhausted 4th Indian Division and 2nd New Zealand Division withdrawn and replaced respectively in the mountains by the British 78th Division and in the town by British 1st Guards Brigade. "[25][nb 1] Countering this, U.S. II Corps commander Geoffrey Keyes also flew over the monastery several times, reporting to Fifth Army G-2 he had seen no evidence that the Germans were in the abbey. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. The 1944 Battle of Anzio stemmed from the Allied attempt to draw German troops off the Gustav Line during Operation Shingle. The corps did not have the extra men, but there would certainly have been time to alter the overall battle plan and cancel or modify the central attack by the U.S. II Corps to make men available to force the issue in the south before the German reinforcements were able to get into position. Fears escalated along with casualties and in spite of a lack of clear evidence, it was marked for destruction. Le 17 février, la 78e division britannique se joint au corps néo-zélandais, mais le lendemain, l'opération est suspendue. The Allies suffered around 55,000 casualties in the Monte Cassino campaign. La 4e division indienne et la 2e division néo-zélandaise se préparent à prendre d'assaut le mont Cassin, en passant par la crête de la Tête de Serpent, et à s'emparer également de la gare du chemin de fer de Cassino. Copyright © 1996 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Almost immediately after the battlefront had swept past Monte Cassino, plans were made to rebuild the abbey. The Battle of Monte Cassino (also called the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a battle during the Italian Campaign of World War II. The Western Allies saw the monuments and it invoked the presence of God, country, sacrifice and freedom to them; the Poles saw it as a symbol of hope for their own country. Rivers flow between the ridges. The Germans had been very alarmed by the capture of the station and from a conversation on record between Kesselring and von Vietinghoff, had not expected their counter-attack to succeed.[50]. Edited by Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker. However, although Lucas is not one of history's most inspiring generals, in one sense it is hard to fault him. So, while the application of brute force might take the Allies steadily northwards, it was unlikely that their advance would ever be quick or easy. By the end of 17 March the Gurkhas held Hangman's Hill (point 435), 250 yards (230 m) from the monastery, in battalion strength (although their lines of supply were compromised by the German positions at point 236 and in the northern part of the town) and whilst the town was still fiercely defended, New Zealand units and armour had got through the bottleneck and captured the station. The intention w The French Corps would attack across the Garigliano.

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